We need to understand the “NarcoImpact” as a complex of negative factors affecting the social development of a community.
One of the significant factors is corruption, and corruption’s strong link to the illicit drug trade is a substantial part. Drugs and corruption cannot be considered isolated from each other, especially if they emerge from a set of circumstances connected to the narcotics trade, such as money laundering, which can, for example, raise real estate costs in such a region. It brings a massive impact on the people with unprecedented relocation; they cannot afford to live at such a locality because the black market creates real estate bubbles. It brings tensions and isolation. The close connection between crime and drug use is vastly confirmed in studies of arrestees.
When drug problems in a community are recognized as severe, people must face unpleasant alternatives. They can accept the reality of drugs in their neighborhood, adapting to a situation that they cannot hope to change immediately. Changing a lifestyle can reduce the threat of drug dealing and violence in their streets and buildings. They can change the environment by some form of community action with or without police support, or they can flee to safer housing if possible.
Many of these alternatives are not available to persons living in poverty or with limited sources.
Because of these factors, even more people are engaging in the criminal networks.
Many terrorists and organized criminals take an active part in or have close ties to the illicit drug trade. The connection between the two is often money and power.
Political changes may affect smuggling patterns, organized crime, and drug abuse. A study of the opening of the European Union’s borders shows that it has raised drug trafficking, terrorism, and computer crime related to refugee migration.
Illicit traffic in drugs generates enormous profits. Funds are obtained in or converted into an international currency and then moved into financial centers to electronically transfer the money worldwide.
The impact of drug abuse on law enforcement is extensive. At each step along the way of production, distribution, and consumption, drugs divert time, energy, and resources away from other responsibilities. Intelligence, surveillance, interdiction and seizure, prosecution and adjudication, sentencing, prisons, probation, and parole—all these measures may need to become specialized to deal with the complexity and volume of drug cases.
NarcoImpact on productivity, employment, premature mortality, illness, injury leading to incapacitation, and imprisonment directly reduces national productivity. Increased unemployment rates usually occur in the same age group as those most likely to use drugs and have drug problems. We can observe a significant loss of productivity and premature mortality associated with drug use.
Drug abuse occurs more frequently in young people than in other age groups. The risk factors for drug use often occurs before entry into the workforce. The relationship between drug abuse and the workplace is significantly influenced by national, social, cultural, ethnic, religious, and gender issues. Narcotic problems have a costly impact on the workplace as well as the community. Employers and workers alike are concerned about the consequences of drug abuse.
NarcoImpact on the environment is visible with environmental degradation in developing countries, which is due principally to population pressures, shifting cultivation patterns, and resource extraction from the earth.
To examine the linkage between illicit drug cultivation and harmful environmental impacts, one expert has noted that, unlike indigenous farmers, cultivators of drug crops have fewer ties to the land and are less respectful of it. To produce more plants, growers frequently use herbicides and insecticides, often in large amounts, without following prescribed procedures.
NarcoImpact and development of economic costs of drug abuse can be categorized as direct and indirect. Direct costs involve the increased cost of police, courts, military, treatment programs, welfare payments to drug addicts and their families, and increased security measures by businesses. Indirect economic costs include the displacement of legal industries, diminished control over the economy, spending money for drugs, inappropriate use of funds gained from drug sales, and fiscal problems related to the inability to tax the drug economy.
A high indirect cost of the drug industry results from the fact that governments cannot tax it. In such a case, governments have no choice but to increase taxes on those expected to pay.